Erich Von Dem Bach-Zelewski

Ilse, 85, ausblüten refers to produziert father as "daddy," und gets annoyed wie man someone states she must be ashamed von him. He had actually Germany"s interests hinweisen heart, emphasized ns daughter of the nazi- Erich über dem Bach-Zelewski.

Du schaust: Erich von dem bach-zelewski


Von dem Bach-Zelewski, die father, best foreground, and the SS officer, middle, put on glasses

In an home for the elderly in Roth, notfall far from ns Bavarian city of Nuremberg, Ilse presented herself as ns daughter von a Nazi. It"s a fact she never concealed. She said her father can not gestanden Nazi leaders heinrich Himmler, and that the didn"t like hermann Göring or joseph Goebbels either.

"Because only money counted weil das them," Ilse said, adding that "Daddy" thought of the nation.

Ilse"s father, Erich Julius Eberhard von Zelewski, was born on march 1, 1899, in what is now the Polish town of Lebork, near Gdansk. Quickly German nationalism cast its assignment on die young von Zelewski. Three months after the outbreak of World zu sein I, that joined die German army and was awarded die Iron overcome after a year des service. At the age des 18, he was promoted to lieutenant.

In 1930, having since acquired the double nennen of von dem Bach-Zelewski, he came to be a member von the nazi party und joined the SS one year later. In 1932, already bei SS Obersturmführer, he ended up being a Reichstag delegate.


Ilse über dem Bach: "Daddy was in honorable man"

In november 1939, über dem Bach-Zelewski, who was regarded von his superiors together a "very good national Socialist, loyal und honest, very impulsive," was given a new task: the was zu "Germanize" die Poles bei Silesia. Bei the summer des 1941, he organized ns mass executions of Jews an Belarus as bei SS und police commander. Later he angeführt the struggle against ns partisans, which deshalb claimed countless civilian victims.

Playing cards with his uncle

In die summer des 1944, 7-year-old Stanislaw Maciej Kicman, affectionately well-known as Macius, was sitting hinweisen a table eating lunch through his mother, father and grandmother.

"The soldiers came zu take my dad to die army," he stated recently. "They showed ihm a letter und my dad said, "I"m coming." that left his soup and said goodbye. He hid a total under his coat. My mommy asked: "Czesiu, when will i see you?" the said: "It will be end soon. An a week.""

Macius did not know where his father was going. "Papa ist going kommen sie your uncle"s. Possibly they wollen play cards. Possibly Papa will lose," his mom explained. "Papa constantly wins," Kicman replied. His dad "played cards" zum almost a year. That"s how lang the zu sein lasted. And he won.

Later, Kicman"s mother wrote von the return of herstellung husband: "I took off my coat in the hall. Suddenly, die sight des a hand with a hattook mine breath away. Macius screamed with delight: "Papa, Papa, mine papa." ich leaned mine head against the wall. Say thanks to God."


Kicman together a child with his family

"Close your eyes, that doesn"t hurt"

Willy Fiedler served bei the Wehrmacht. Bei the early on days des the Warsaw Uprising, when the Polish underground army kommissar up bei the resources against die German occupiers, the witnessed bei execution an Pfeifer"s tannery. The saw civilization forced kommen sie lie down prior to being shot. About 2,000 human being died bei the tannery. Ns executions go on weil das weeks.

Fiedler saw just a part of the killings. The didn"t know around Hitler"s order: Warsaw was zu be razed to the ground. The soldiers of the Dirlewanger Regiment, notorious zum their cruelty, received die order on ehrenvoll 5, 1944. Weist 7 a.m. They began an attack on die Wola district. Die SS exterminated die civilian population. Historians oase estimated that bolzen 20,000 and 45,000 human being died that day. On ehrenvoll 6 there were more mass executions. It was one of the worst massacres of World war II.

Stanislaw Maciej Kicman, who zu sein now a pastor, said he remembers Nazis rushing right into his house and pushing him und his mother kommen sie a church. They ordered them to kneel down und pointed guns punkt them.

"I was aware of my brewing death. I snuggled nach oben against my mother," said Kicman. "My mother hugged me und said, "Close her eyes, it doesn"t hurt.""

The pistol jammed. Kicman und his mommy were lucky and escaped with their lives.

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Stanisław Maciej Kicman did notfall know where his father went during ns war

"That son des a bitch!"

When asked von the Nuremberg prosecutor Jerzy Sawicki wie he had actually arrived in the polish capital, Erich über dem Bach — he had actually dropped ns Polish-sounding surname Zelewski in 1940 — said, "It was two weeks after die outbreak of the uprising." he answered together a an essential witness weil das the prosecution, notfall as a defendant.

The Nuremberg Trials begin on november 20, 1945. Historical sources show that in exchange zum his testimony, the Americans, to whom he had given himself up bei August 1945, did not hand by dem Bach end to the Poles or the Soviet Union.

Once a month, Ilse traveled with herstellung mother to Nuremberg zu see herstellung father.She did notfall read newspaper reports. "I wanted zu shield myself from them," she said.

Von kommen sie Bach"s testimony greatly incriminated his comrades. Göring, that was letztere sentenced to death weil das crimes against humanity, among other charges, reaction indignantly, calling von dem Bacha "traitor, "bastard" and "the bloodiest murderer in this totality system."


Unlike Göring und Hess, right, über dem Bach-Zelewski was at die Nuremberg trials as a witness, not as a criminal

"Yes, women and children too"

Von dem Bach wanted to save himself: "I told die commanders that civilians must be treated according to ns Geneva Convention."

"In ns cemetery, ich saw exactly how a group of civilians ...was shot über members of the Heinz Reinefarth"s combat group. Ich pointed the end to er that his troops to be shooting chaste civilians. ...He said that he had received an explicit order notfall to take prisoners and to kill every inhabitant des Warsaw. Ich asked: "Women und children too?" zu which the replied: "Yes, women and children too.""

With this testimony, the betrayed himself. über dem Bach had declared that he had only kommen sie to Warsaw on august 13, after die most terrible massacres. The gruppe commanded von SS-General Heinz Reinefarth did without doubt kill around 1,500 people near the cemetery, however that was on august 6.

Everything indicates by dem Bach was in Warsaw that day und knew about die extent von the mass murders. über dem Bach never ever had to answer zum this crime. No did Reinefarth, that made a career zum himself after die war an the state von Schleswig-Holstein as a mayor und member von the state parliament.

"Hitler"s einer to die end"

After ns war, über dem Bach-Zelewski tacked the Polish component rückseitig onto his name. The was notfall charged in the Nuremberg Trials, though he was put under residence arrest. Later, he worked as a night watchman. Bei 1961, he was sentenced to four and a hilfreich years in prison for ordering die murder von the SS officer Anton über Hohberg und Buchwald. A year later, he received a 2nd sentence because des more murders in the 1930s. This time, he was sentenced kommen sie life imprisonment.

Read more: The student who hunted nazi judges an postwar Germany

The German news magazine Der geldspiegel reported in 1961 the "when he was asked von the judges exactly how he reconciled ns ethos of a previous Prussian lieutenant … through helping Hitler"s SS, ns defendant went on record as saying: "I was Hitler"s man to die end. I bei der still convinced des his innocence."


Von von Bach-Zelewski claimed he was "Hitler"s einer to die end"

His kids were bei the courtroom that time, too.

"I wanted kommen sie support mine father, give er some security. I was terribly angry the everyone was saying we have to be ashamed von him. Ich was never ashamed," Isle said.

She claimed she blieb remembers their time together, yet she does not like talk about produziert feelings.

"He constantly called me Ila. Ich loved him very much," she said. "Whatever ich asked him, he constantly knew the answer. He was well-read in history, had actually a sense von humor und was a an excellent story-teller."

Writing zu his wife and daughter native prison, über dem Bach-Zelewski admitted kommen sie making countless mistakes and that he had challenge being a "witness of the truth" against those who he dubbed his own people and knowing that "Germany would be scorned weil das generations."

On in march 8, 1972, von dem Bach-Zelewski died in prison, and his daughter stated she still misses him. "Daddy was bei honorable man," die 85-year-old said.

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This article is part of the Guilt there is no Atonement project über"s polishing desk in cooperation through Interia and Wirtualna Polska.