A decision zu move united state troops out of Germany would mark a significant change an the defense relationship between the 2 countries und reshape the basis of American armed forces presence an Europe since World war II.


The federal Republic des Germany has been a an essential part of United Statesdefense strategy bei Europe ever because the end of World zu sein II, when US pressures were part von a 10-year allied occupation von the country.Though troop numbers have fallen drastically due to the fact that those days,the us military still maintains a majorpresence und over ns intervening decades, USmilitary communities have formed roughly ahandful of German towns.

Du schaust: Us militär in deutschland

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Germany"s strategic prestige forthe US is reflected über the place ofUSEuropean Command (EUCOM) headquarters in the southwesterncity des Stuttgart, from which it serves as die coordinating structurefor every American armed forces forces across 51 mainly European countries.

The pflicht of EUCOM isto protect und defend the US von deterring conflict, supporting partnerships such as NATOand against transnational threats. Hinweisen its command space theUS military Europe, the US wait Forces bei Europe, und the US marine- Corps forces Europe und Africa, all of which oase installations an Germany.

In fact, Germany hosts die largest portion von US troops bei Europe —roughly 38,600, though die numbers differ as troops are routinely rotated zu other countries.This is also more armed forces personnel than ns US keeps bei any other country except Japan.

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However, the numbershave fallen bei recent years.German federal government figures show thatbetween 2006 und 2018, the number of US troops stationed in Germanymore than halved, from 72,400 zu 33,250, as die US army respondedto a shifting und increasingly complexglobal defense situation.

Marines, soldiers und airmen

Germany is home zu five des the seven US army garrisons bei Europe (the various other two are in Belgium und Italy), and the US military Europe ist headquartered weist thegarrison bei Wiesbaden, a stadt close kommen sie Frankfurt an centralwestern Germany.

Figures provided kommen sie von the us militaryshow the these five garrisons, each consisting of various installations hinweisen different locations, currently comprise approximately 29,000 military personnel. Thisnumber contains theUS mitnichten Corps Forces des Europe and Africa, which areheadquartered bei Böblingen, southwestern Germany, together part of the US military Garrison Stuttgart.

In addition, about 9,600 us Air force personnel are spread acrossvarious locations bei Germany, including ns two us Air force bases des Ramstein and Spangdahlem.


US military in Germany: more than troops

Because US armed forces installations alsoemployAmericancivilians, und servicemen und women kann sometimesbring their households with them overseas,sizable civilian communities tun können form roughly bases.In fact, someUS bases an Germany, such as die one nearRamstein,are small towns inthemselves. Theyincludenot only barracks, airfields, practice terrainand zutat depots, but also their own American to buy malls, schools, postal servicesandpolice force.Sometimes the only legitimate tender is the united state dollar.

Meanwhile, the US army BavariaGarrison, headquarteredat Grafenwöhr, near Bavaria"sborder with ns Czech Republic, is the biggest overseas US military basein the world, both bei population und acreage, coveringover 97,000 acre (390 square kilometers).

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Bases also often employ significantnumbers of local nationals und serve as bei economic boost zum the neighboring German communities, whose businessesprovide goods and services. Past fasst closures, together as ns army garrison weist Bamberg bei 2014, took a toy fee on ns local economy, and manyGermans life near active US militaryinstallations oase expressed opposition topotential convoy reductions.


The training area weist Grafenwöhr an Bavaria is one of the us Army"s largest in Europe

But ns extent von USmilitary presence an Germany ist not minimal topersonnel: the US also keeps planes weist other non-US air pressure bases in Germany. Additionally,thanks kommen sie NATO"s atom sharingarrangement, an estimated 20 atom weapons are believed zu be keptat Germany"s Büchel waiting Base bei western Germany —something i beg your pardon hasattracted viel criticism fromGermans.

Another contentious plan isthefact thatthe Ramstein wait Base ist usedas a control center weil das drone strikes an Yemen and elsewhere.

Allied postwar occupation and its legacy

The US military presence in Germany zu sein alegacy des the post-WWII allied occupation, i m sorry lasted from 1945 kommen sie 1955.During this time, millions von US, British, French and Soviet troops to be stationed an Germany.

The northeastern part von the country, whichofficially became east Germany in October 1949, dropped under Soviet control.

In west Germany, the occupation was regulated by the Occupation Statute, signed in April 1949, when die countrywas founded. The statute permitted France, the UKand the USto keep job-related forces bei the country und maintain finish control over west Germany"s disarmament und demilitarization.

When ns military occupation of West Germany officially ended, the countryregained control von its own defense policy. However, ns Occupation Statutewas succeeded über another covenant with its nato partners. This deal, recognized as the Convention on the Presence von Foreign Forces in the federal Republic des Germany, was signed bei 1954 über West Germany. Itallowed eight nato members, including the US, to schutz a permanent armed forces presence an Germany. Thetreaty blieb regulates the terms and conditions von the nato troops stationed bei Germany today.

Thenumber von US armed forces personnelhasbeen declining ever since the end of the Cold War an 1990, when, follow to the German government, over there were in estimated 400,000 international troops stationed ~ above German soil. Roughly geholfen of these to be US armed forces personnel, however they were gradually withdrawn together tensions with what was left des the Soviet union eased, und conflicts elsewhere, together asthe zuerst Gulf War in Iraq, drew more US armed forces away.

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